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外媒:中国30岁以下烟民将有1亿死于吸烟

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月26日 03:46:30
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U米登陆平台直属招商客服【微信QQ同步】7915171诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。外媒:中国30岁以下烟民将有1亿死于吸烟

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(  参)(考)(消)(息)(网)(3月)(14日)(报)(道)(
  外)(媒)(称)(,《柳)(叶)(刀)(》杂)(志)(发)(表)(的)(报)(告)(说)(,按)(目)(前)(的)(水)(平)(测)(算)(,到)(2050年)(,仅)(中)(国)(每)(年)(就)(会)(有)(大)(约)(300万)(人)(死)(于)(吸)(烟)(。
  据)(法)(新)(社)(3月)(13日)(报)(道)(,研)(究)(人)(员)(今)(天)(说)(,世)(界)(上)(很)(多)(地)(区)(的)(烟)(民)(数)(量)(正)(在)(减)(少)(,但)(非)(洲)(和)(地)(中)(海)(国)(家)(的)(烟)(民)(数)(量)(却)(呈)(上)(升)(趋)(势)(,这)(意)(味)(着)(在)(未)(来)(10年)(里)(,全)(球)(烟)(民)(总)(数)(不)(会)(有)(太)(大)(变)(化)(。
  据)(联)(合)(国)(世)(界)(卫)(生)(组)(织)(估)(算)(,全)(世)(界)(每)(年)(约)(有)(600万)(人)(死)(于)(吸)(烟)(相)(关)(疾)(病)(,直)(接)(吸)(烟)(造)(成)(了)(500多)(万)(人)(死)(亡)(,其)(余)(的)(人)(死)(于)(二)(手)(烟)(。
  该)(组)(织)(说)(,在)(全)(世)(界)(的)(约)(10亿)(烟)(民)(中)(,80%的)(人)(生)(活)(在)(低)(收)(入)(和)(中)(等)(收)(入)(国)(家)(。
  《柳)(叶)(刀)(》医)(学)(杂)(志)(发)(表)(了)(一)(份)(关)(于)(170多)(个)(国)(家)(吸)(烟)(趋)(势)(的)(分)(析)(报)(告)(,报)(告)(说)(,从)(2000到)(2010年)(的)(10年)(中)(,72%的)(国)(家)(的)(男)(性)(吸)(烟)(率)(下)(降)(了)(。88%的)(国)(家)(的)(女)(性)(吸)(烟)(率)(有)(所)(下)(降)(。
  报)(告)(说)(,世)(卫)(组)(织)(各)(成)(员)(已)(经)(同)(意)(,争)(取)(实)(现)(到)(2025年)(将)(烟)(草)(流)(行)(率)(在)(2010年)(基)(础)(上)(减)(少)(30%的)(全)(球)(自)(愿)(目)(标)(。
  报)(告)(说)(,非)(洲)(和)(东)(地)(中)(海)(地)(区)(吸)(烟)(率)(的)(迅)(速)(增)(长)(,可)(能)(抵)(消)(已)(经)(取)(得)(的)(一)(些)(成)(果)(,预)(计)(“到)(2025年)(,全)(球)(烟)(民)(的)(数)(量)(约)(为)(11亿)(人)(”。
  报)(告)(说)(:“我)(们)(预)(计)(,非)(洲)(和)(东)(地)(中)(海)(地)(区)(的)(中)(低)(收)(入)(国)(家)(,将)(取)(代)(欧)(洲)(和)(西)(太)(平)(洋)(的)(中)(低)(收)(入)(国)(家)(,成)(为)(男)(性)(吸)(烟)(比)(例)(最)(高)(的)(地)(区)(。”
  据)(世)(卫)(组)(织)(统)(计)(,目)(前)(每)(6秒)(钟)(就)(有)(一)(个)(人)(死)(于)(烟)(草)(,10%的)(成)(年)(人)(死)(亡)(是)(由)(于)(烟)(草)(造)(成)(的)(。
  在)(目)(前)(的)(吸)(烟)(者)(中)(,高)(达)(一)(半)(的)(人)(今)(后)(将)(死)(于)(烟)(草)(相)(关)(疾)(病)(。
  《柳)(叶)(刀)(》杂)(志)(发)(表)(的)(另)(外)(一)(份)(报)(告)(说)(,按)(目)(前)(的)(水)(平)(测)(算)(,到)(2050年)(,仅)(中)(国)(每)(年)(就)(会)(有)(大)(约)(300万)(人)(死)(于)(吸)(烟)(。
  报)(告)(说)(:“让)(人)(深)(感)(担)(忧)(的)(是)(,中)(国)(目)(前)(的)(烟)(民)(数)(量)(约)(为)(3亿)(人)(,而)(在)(年)(龄)(不)(足)(30岁)(的)(年)(轻)(烟)(民)(中)(,约)(1亿)(人)(最)(终)(将)(死)(于)(烟)(草)(相)(关)(疾)(病)(。”
  据)(路)(透)(社)(3月)(13日)(消)(息)(,一)(些)(卫)(生)(专)(家)(今)(天)(说)(,如)(果)(各)(国)(政)(府)(能)(拿)(出)(政)(治)(决)(心)(并)(且)(对)(烟)(草)(公)(司)(采)(取)(更)(强)(硬)(的)(行)(动)(,全)(世)(界)(可)(以)(在)(30年)(内)(实)(现)(无)(烟)(草)(,并)(消)(除)(烟)(草)(所)(带)(来)(的)(严)(重)(健)(康)(后)(果)(。
  一)(些)(公)(共)(卫)(生)(与)(政)(策)(方)(面)(的)(专)(家)(,在)(《柳)(叶)(刀)(》医)(学)(杂)(志)(撰)(文)(说)(,应)(当)(在)(2040年)(之)(前)(让)(烟)(草)(销)(售)(逐)(步)(减)(少)(,并)(呼)(吁)(大)(力)(加)(强)(反)(对)(烟)(草)(使)(用)(的)(国)(际)(行)(动)(。
  如)(果)(不)(加)(强)(控)(制)(,本)(世)(纪)(预)(计)(将)(有)(10亿)(人)(死)(于)(吸)(烟)(或)(其)(他)(形)(式)(的)(烟)(草)(使)(用)(,而)(其)(中)(80%以)(上)(的)(人)(来)(自)(贫)(穷)(或)(中)(等)(收)(入)(国)(家)(。
  专)(家)(之)(一)(、新)(西)(兰)(奥)(克)(兰)(大)(学)(的)(罗)(伯)(特)(·比)(格)(尔)(霍)(尔)(说)(:“我)(们)(可)(以)(在)(不)(到)(30年)(的)(时)(间)(里)(,让)(烟)(草)(虽)(然)(不)(被)(禁)(止)(,但)(却)(不)(再)(流)(行)(,让)(它)(在)(人)(们)(的)(视)(线)(里)(和)(头)(脑)(中)(消)(失)(,然)(而)(,这)(一)(切)(只)(有)(各)(国)(政)(府)(,联)(合)(国)(、世)(界)(卫)(生)(组)(织)((WHO)等)(国)(际)(机)(构)(,以)(及)(民)(间)(团)(体)(都)(全)(力)(以)(赴)(才)(能)(实)(现)(。”
  比)(格)(尔)(霍)(尔)(说)(,在)(“无)(烟)(”世)(界)(里)(,将)(只)(有)(不)(到)(5%的)(成)(年)(人)(吸)(烟)(,他)(说)(:“全)(世)(界)(现)(在)(应)(该)(达)(成)(一)(种)(共)(识)(,即)(烟)(草)(行)(业)(造)(成)(的)(危)(害)(是)(不)(可)(容)(忍)(的)(,应)(当)(让)(烟)(草)(销)(售)(在)(世)(界)(上)(绝)(迹)(。”
  世)(卫)(组)(织)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,全)(世)(界)(每)(年)(约)(有)(600万)(人)(死)(于)(烟)(草)(。吸)(烟)(可)(导)(致)(致)(死)(率)(很)(高)(的)(肺)(癌)(,此)(外)(,吸)(烟)(还)(可)(能)(引)(发)(一)(系)(列)(其)(他)(疾)(病)(。吸)(烟)(可)(引)(发)(多)(种)(可)(导)(致)(过)(早)(死)(亡)(的)(慢)(性)(病)(,如)(心)(脏)(病)(、中)(风)(和)(高)(血)(压)(等)(。
  这)(些)(专)(家)(说)(,虽)(然)(《世)(界)(卫)(生)(组)(织)(烟)(草)(控)(制)(框)(架)(公)(约)(》通)(过)(已)(有)(10年)(之)(久)(,但)(全)(球)(只)(有)(15%的)(人)(有)(机)(会)(得)(到)(禁)(烟)(方)(面)(的)(帮)(助)(,只)(有)(不)(到)(10%的)(人)(受)(到)(了)(《公)(约)(》中)(建)(议)(的)(烟)(草)(税)(的)(约)(束)(。
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